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After an unexpected and unfortunate death, Shah Humayun is succeeded by his 13-year-old son Jalal, later known as Akbar the Great. Although the empire was ruled by his guardian, the Afghan general Bairam Khan, during the initial four years as regent, Jalal-ud-Din Muhammed took control quickly after. Akbar coming to power is one of the turning points of Mughal history. Indeed, Akbar’s reign is characterized by the organization of new conquests which lead to the beginning of the imperial expansion throughout India. There are particular issues which caused the consolidation of the Mughal empire under his reign. One of them would be the assumption of power by the Emperor. As Akbar took full control of the empire from Bairam Khan in 1560, he pursued conquests on the borders of his kingdom, which would include the region of Rajputana. By the end of his reign, he had expanded the Mughal Empire from Kabul (Afghanistan) to the West and Dacca (Bangladesh) to the east.
The consequences of imperial conquest are partially the cause of the Mughal’s negative image and reputation. For example, when Akbar laid siege to Chittor (Rajput province) in 1567, he had planned two methods of assault. The first one being the gradual destruction of the Chittor Fort before the beginning of the war by sending spies to install canons. Furthermore, the horrendous massacre of 30 000 captive Hindus left an indelible blot on his name.

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