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CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction
In chapter one, I dealt withexplained the background of this study, developed the statement of the problem, gave the objectives, rationale of the study and the scope. I further highlighted the limitations and delimitation of this research study. In chapter two, I did a literature review based on available information related to this research study. I dealt a theory explain on this study and developed a conceptual framework. In this chapter, I will deal withexplain the methodology of my this study. I will sight the research design, target population, sampling methods and sample determination size for the purpose of this research study. I will explain on about the tools to be used for data collection tools, instruments of pre-testing,and those to be used for data analysis before explaining in details and principles for ethical considerations.
In other words, Tthis section chapter will present the methods that will be used in executing the this entire study. It includes the research design, population and sample selection, data collection sources and research instruments, measurement of variables, and data processing and analysis.
3.2. Research Design
According to Kothari (2004), research design is the arrangement of conditions for collection and analysis of data in a manner that aims to combine relevance to the research purpose with economy in procedure. It is the conceptual structure within which research is conducted and constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement and analysis of data. It includes an outline of what the researcher will do from writing the research questions and its operational implications to the final analysis of data.
(Kothari, 2014)
In this research, I will apply descriptive and correlational research designs. This is because, I am to make a census of the Full Gospel Churches of Kenya in Kikuyu Sub County branches. It is also correlational because I need to determine the influence of the fundraising, donations and contributions on capital growth in Pentecostal churches. This research is cross-sectional in nature in that, I will consider information for the year 2017 only across the Church branches. This will give a snap shot of the population thereby enabling the researcher to collect data, draw conclusions across the population on church financial operational functions and capital growth in the said period. The researcher will use quantitative data analysis .
3.3. Target Population
The target Population consists of fifteen (15) churches which compose the Local Church Assembly of the Full Gospel churches of Kenya within Kikuyu Sub County. According to the Senior Pastor-Kikuyu, there are fifteen church assemblies operating within the Sub County.
3.4. Sample Size and Sampling methodselection.
Kothari and Garg (2014), connotes that 10% of a population will be representative of the targeted population. Since Kikuyu Sub County has fifteen (15) Church assemblies and if the 10% phenomena is applied, only 2 churches would form a sample of the population. This would be too little sample for a research sample and would not be representative enough of the total population. Further, the Association of Business Executives (2008), who developed a formula and a table of determining a sample size: at a confidence level of ninety five percent (95%) and a confidence interval of five (5), a population of fifteen churches yields a population sample size of twelve churches. Twelve assemblies would be a better representative of the population . Kothari e tal. (2014), says, Sir William S. Gosset (pen name Student) developed a significance test, Student’s t-test, based on t distribution. A Student’s t-test is used when the sample size is 30 or less and the population variance is unknown. The researcher, decided to use all the respondents as a sample population. It is because, the population is 15 (fifteen branches) and the variance of these branches is not known. This means a single respondents from each church branch will representative enough since secondary data will be used in this research study.
S/no. Zone No. of Church assemblies Sample
Selection No. of Respondents selected
1. Kikuyu 2 2 2
2. Dagoretti 2 2 2
3. Ndeiya 4 4 4
4. Muguga 5 5 5
5. Kinoo 2 2 2
Total Sample Computed 15 15 15
Table 1: Population sample computation
3.5. Sampling Technique and Procedure
Data will be collected in Kikuyu Sub-county of Kiambu County. The researcher will use Stratified sampling. The stratification variable will be the Zones in Kikuyu Sub-county created by the Local Church Assembly leadership. These are: Kikuyu, Dagoretti, Ndeiya, Muguga and Kinoo. In order to select the sample, the researcher will apply purposive Sampling. This is considered more appropriate when the universe happens to be small and a known characteristic of it is to be studied intensively.
In agreement with this, the sample design to be used must be decided by the researcher taking into consideration the nature of the inquiry and other related factors (Kothari, 2014). The researcher will purposively interview the Pastor in charge of the branch, three other leaders from the Men ministry, Women ministry and the Youth ministry. The leadership positions in each ministry is either a chairperson, a secretary or a treasurer. The researcher purposively selects from these leadership position in the hope that, either of these leaders would be in a position to handle the questioners fervently. In this case, 28 respondents will be contacted.
3.6. Data Sources
3.6.1. Secondary Data
Secondary data on Church assemblies based on capital growth of Churches can be obtained from the church records. A tabulated data sheet will be used to collect the data required for the purpose of this research study. The Secondary data on Financial Operational Functions and Capital growth in the Full Gospel Churches of Kenya will be obtained from books of accounts of the church assemblies. The researcher will personally evaluate the Church Assemblies’ financial statements.
3.6.2 Key informant
The researcher will contact the Senior Pastor in Kikuyu Local Church Assembly. He will assist in affirming the data that I will have collected from the Pastors in-charge of the various branches.
3.7. Research Instruments
I will use a tabulated data sheet. This will help in recording the information received. This research study does not require an interview guide or a questionnaire since I do not intend to investigate the feelings of the respondent on the various methods of soliciting funds for the purpose of capital growth in their churches.
3.8. Data Collection Procedures
The researcher will provide the questionnaire in the form of data collection sheets to the respondents. The respondents will be the pastors’ in-charge of the various church branches. Otherwise the pastor in-charge could appoint any leader in the church to assist in gathering the necessary information.
3.9. Validity and Reliability
To ensure validity of this research findings, the researcher will consult the supervisors. This will ensure that data collected is factual and when analyzed will be reliable in decision making. The researcher will also conduct a pilot study in in order to test any ambiguity or repetitiveness in the information required.
3.10. Data Analysis
Data collected from the secondary sources will be analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Content analysis will be presented in form of tables and graphs for purposes of analyzing and presenting the descriptive findings of the study. The researcher will use Karl Pearson’s correlation Coefficient, and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) to process the data.

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