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During the late 1800’s into the early nineteenth century known as the Colonial Era, before the New Era, many American women appeared in their lives as legally and socially inferior to men, especially their husbands. Lower and working class women were just as, if not more equal to men. American women, even being involved with the American Revolution were still expected to marry and and be the housewife rather than to have a career of their own. Under the legal principle of coverger, husbands held authority over the person, property, and choices of their wives. Considering women weren’t able to own property, and owning property had been a requirement to vote at the time, females were neglected from the political process. In result, citizens of the New Republic were mostly males, but women approved of their status by the ideology of Republican Motherhood. They were seen just as important within the new republic because they were providing and raising the children, who would eventually be leaders of the future, especially male children. Women were expected to educate for their children’s future but not for their own. This ideology promoted women’s claim to education so they could teach their children. American women experienced serious effects from the market revolution as well. Since production altered from home to factories and away from women bringing forth new things themselves rather, this lead to the idea of cult of domesticity. The cult of Domesticity ruled that a woman’s place was in the home. Rather than her bringing forth to the table, a husband should be the one to provide food, a home, as well as what some people may call non market values such as companionship, or love with their spouse.

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