he weight on the economically hard-working populace kept on being high amid 1950– 1990 in Bangladesh, primarily because of high fertility rates. Amid that period the greater part of the populace was dependent (under age 15 or over 60). Until 2025 the EDR (Elderly Dependency Ratio) is proceeded to beneath or around 7 %. Nonetheless, the decrease in TDR (Total Dependence Ratio) began from 1990 because of the decline in the under-15 populace and it is normal that the TDR will keep on declining until the point when 2030, after which it will again begin to increment basically because of increment in the elderly populace. In this way, the change in TDR is a consequence of two inverse patterns: the lessening in the overall size of the populace beneath age 15 and the expansion in the elderly populace. Like the EDR, the PSR (Potential Support Ratio) likewise remained relatively consistent in the region of 9 % until 2025 and from that point onward, it began diminishing, because of the expansion in the elderly populace that outperformed the development of the economically dynamic populace. The proportion of the elderly dependent populace ( 60+) and the child dependent populace of ages 0– 14 years, demonstrates a sharp increment since 2010. The demographic dividend in a populace happens through a component of supply of work power and human capital. Diminishment in fertility and mortality has an immediate and quick effect on the human capital arrangement. It brings open doors for families to put more in the health, education, and strength of their kids, adding to a superior quality of human capital later on in the future when the kids eventually grow older.