The Reporter’s motto expresses the ideal of freedom that we, the journalists and editors, hope to enjoy and promote within our profession: “Free Press, Free Speech, Free Spirit.” These words are a reflection of independent journalistic practices towards which we aspire. In the immediate sense, these words and ideas will be guiding principles underlying every choice we make, from the Hub, and reporting to photographs, cartoons and design. We will courageously contribute to a free press in doing so, we will strive to advance that universal ideal in Ethiopia. Source
It is clearly known that the impact of Internet on the printed journalism is not only in the developed nations but in the developing countries including Ethiopia. The traditional route of receiving news via a newspaper has evolved into a more digital path and dispatching the most updated and breaking news to its readers online before it is published on the newspaper.
As the modern technologies have given specially to the print media the ability to adopt new forms of publications, The Reporter which is among the few influential and popular newspapers in the country has already applied media convergence and tries to meet the demands of its readers.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
It is obvious that newspapers were the leading source of information which makes sense because the first media outlet was created in the form of newspaper. Since then newspapers have been playing important role in disseminating political, socio-economic issues as well as entertainment across the globe.
It is a plain truth that the invention of the Internet and digital communications has been changing the way of life of people all over the world. The technology has greatly changed the way people communicate, interact with each other, and entertain themselves.
Modern technologies have given mass communication media the ability to adopt new forms of publications never explored before. This is, of course, a good opportunity to the readers/spectators of the media to access breaking news or other latest information timely through PC, laptops, iPads, and smart phones.
At present time The Reporter is among the few newspapers that are applying media convergence in the country and publishing news and other contents in different formats so as to be competitive in the media industry.
The target of this study is to explore how the Internet impacts the printed journalism world especially on the news. Particularly, the study will find out the opportunities and challenges of media convergence on the news in the case of The Reporter which is among the few influential and popular newspapers in Ethiopia that has already launched online version since ——–month and year.
1.3 Research Objectives
The research objectives are stated below whereby the research problem is shaped in a way that can be researchable and investigated.
1.3.1 General Objective
The general objective of the study is to find out the opportunities and challenges of media convergence of the newspaper on the news, the case of The Reporter newspaper.
1.3.2 Specific Objectives
Specifically, the objectives of the study include:
i. The main advantage(s) of The Reporter newspaper in utilizing media convergence particularly on the news.
ii. To find out opportunities of media convergence of The Reporter newspaper especially on the news.
iii. To analyze the influence of media convergence on the newspaper on the content and format of the news.
iv. To find out the major challenge(s) in utilizing media convergence of the newspaper on the news part.
1.4 Research Questions
This study is designed to find out and answer the following basic research questions:
i. What are the main advantage(s) of The Reporter newspaper in utilizing media convergence particularly on the news?
ii. What are the main opportunities of media convergence of The Reporter newspaper on the news part?
iii. How does the influence of media convergence of the newspaper describe particularly on the content and format of the news?
iv. What are the major challenge(s) in utilizing convergence of the newspaper on the news?
1.5 Significance of the study
It is hoped that this research work clearly finds out the opportunities and challenges of media convergence of The Reporter newspaper on the news part. Thus, the result of the research has of a paramount importance for the media institution so as to understand and further improve the weakness and gaps of convergence of the newspaper on the news part.
This study is significant for the researcher to gain a better knowledge and understanding in the area. The output of the study is also important to The Reporter newspaper in analyzing the advantages as well as challenges of convergence and further makes informed decision for the effective and efficient utilization. Furthermore, the finding is vital to media institution in understanding the current status of convergence and will further develop better strategy to meet the demands of its readers.
Since media convergence is in its infant stage in Ethiopia, the findings of this research work is valuable to both print and electronic media managers that have not yet launched online version.
On top of that this study encourages other researchers to conduct further study in media convergence by providing valuable information and immensely contribute to improve the media industry in the country.
1.6 Scope of the Study
The study focuses onopportunities and challenges of media convergence of the newspaper particularly on the news part. Among the print media institutions that have been working in the country, the research focuses on The Reporter newspaper due to time constraints. However, it would be better if the research incorporates other public or private newspapers that are popular and influential in the country.
Moreover, the study on convergence of the newspaper is limited only to the news part of The Reporter newspaper.