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Quotes
Analysis
It’s no surprise that schools in wealthy communities are better than those in poor communities, or that they better prepare their students for desirable jobs. (Anyon 1)
“Desirable”

1)This word is an adjective (a word describing a noun)
2) Wanted or wished for as being an attractive, useful, or necessary course of action.
3) “It’s no surprise that schools in wealthy communities are better than those in poor communities, or that they better prepare their students for the jobs that they want.”
4)The man had a desire to succeed.
Desire is a trait that drives everyone.
5) Desirable is a word that helps better understand the text by talking about how important and valued the jobs that the students want or “desire”.

Better prepare is an important phrase as it describes the future of the students. In addition it is a pivotal point in this quote. Also, it helps differentiate between the poor and wealthy communities.

Reading ahead talks about how the school systems are different. It relates to the quote by talking about the disadvantage the poor communities have. Also, it talks about the advantage that the wealthy communities have.
Scholars in political economy and the sociology of knowledge have recently argued that public schools in complex industrial societies like our own make available different types of educational experience and curriculum knowledge to students in different social classes. (Anyon 1)
“Societies”

1)This word is a noun(basically anything)
2) The community of people living in a particular country or region and having shared customs, laws, and organizations.
3) “Scholars in political economy and the sociology of knowledge have recently argued that public schools in complex industrial communities like our own make available different types of educational experience and curriculum knowledge to students in different social classes.”
4) The people lived in a modern society.
Political issues are a subject that divide the society that we live in.
5) Societies is a synonym for the word communities and helps bring more meaning to the quote.

Scholars is an important term as it gives a name to the leaders to the society. It also gives meaning to the quote by bringing it together. Also, they help in understanding the differences in education in different classes of society.

Reading backwards talks about what students from each type of school become as they grow up. This is a major difference between the schools. Reading ahead talks about how the students are rewarded, based on their behavior and other aspects in the classroom.
This article offers tentative empirical support (and qualification) of the above arguments by providing illustrative examples of differences in student work in classrooms in contrasting social class communities. (Anyon 2)
This quotation relates to me as it brings about a sense of nostalgia, and takes me back to my days as a student in Dubai. The education system is very different which is not only limited to academics, but also the way people behave and the learning environment. Finally, the way students were brought together in a classroom was not based on academic prowess, but on a random basis due to the lack of an accelerated program.

This can be related to the movie The Karate Kid, which starred Jackie Chan and Jaden Smith. It was a story about a child who moves from Detroit to China as his mother found a new place of work. This caused a change in his education and the culture he adopted.

This does not relate to a political or historical event. If anything, it throws light on a socio-economic gap between the rich and the poor. In addition, it relates to the thesis of this article in a very accurate manner.

“Empirical”

1) This word is an adjective (a word describing a noun)
2) based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.
3) “This article offers tentative first hand support (and qualification) of the above arguments by providing illustrative examples of differences in student work in classrooms in contrasting social class communities.”
4) The man showed empirical evidence to support his case
The students’ empirical experience shocked all his classmates
5) The word empirical helps understand this quotation by telling us that the experience was first hand and not something derived or imagined.
The first two schools I will call working class schools. Most of the parents have blue-collar jobs. Less than a third of the fathers are skilled, while the majority are in unskilled or semiskilled jobs. (Anyon 2)
“Blue Collar”

1) This word is an adjective (a word describing a noun)
2)Relating to manual work or workers, particularly in industry.
3) “The first two schools I will call working class schools. Most of the parents have menial jobs. Less than a third of the fathers are skilled, while the majority are in unskilled or semiskilled jobs.”
4) A vast majority of people in developing countries have blue-collar jobs.
In this article, Blue-Collar workers’ children go to schools, different than those of children of the well off.
5) Blue-Collar doesn’t mean what it sounds like and after understanding its definition, it helps grasp the concept of the crowd in the “working class schools”.

Unskilled is an important word as it talks about the families of the children. This shows the economic background of the children in the school. Finally, it remotely tells us what the children will end up becoming in the future.

Reading backwards, the article talks about the different types of schools and their location. It also talks about the economic background of the parents of these children. Reading ahead, the article goes in depth about the working class schools and then moves onto the middle class schools.
In the two working-class schools, work is following the steps of a procedure. The procedure is usually mechanical, involving rote behavior and very little decision making or choice. The teachers rarely explain why the work is being assigned, how it might connect to other assignments, or what the idea is that lies behind the procedure or gives it coherence and perhaps meaning or significance. (Anyon 3)
“Rote”

1) This word is a noun (basically anything)
2) Mechanical or habitual repetition of something to be learned.
3) In the two working-class schools, work is following the steps of a procedure. The procedure is usually mechanical, involving instinctive behavior and very little decision making or choice. The teachers rarely explain why the work is being assigned, how it might connect to other assignments, or what the idea is that lies behind the procedure or gives it coherence and perhaps meaning or significance.
4) The man knew the lyrics of the song by rote since he was a child.
I had to use rote learning as a child in order to memorize poems for my english class.
5) The word rote helps me understand this quote by clearly explaining how the students in the working class schools studied.

Significance is an important word in this quote as it shows the effort put in by the teachers in the working class schools. Since there was not much thinking required, it is evident that the teachers did not put in a whole lot of effort. As a result, many of the students grew up to be just like their parents; menial laborers.

Reading backwards, the article talks about the investigation of the different types of schools. Reading ahead, the article talks about the various features of the working class schools. This included insufficient supplies and a lackluster curriculum.
In both working-class schools, work in language arts is mechanics of punctuation (commas, periods, question marks, exclamation points), capitalization, and the four kinds of sentences. One teacher explained to me, “Simple punctuation is all they’ll ever use.” Regarding punctuation, either a teacher or a ditto stated the rules for where, for example, to put commas. The investigator heard no classroom discussion of the aural context of punctuation (which, of course, is what gives each mark its meaning). (Anyon 4)
“Aural”

1) This word is an adjective (a word describing a noun).
2) relating to the ear or the sense of hearing.
3) In both working-class schools, work in language arts is mechanics of punctuation (commas, periods, question marks, exclamation points), capitalization, and the four kinds of sentences. One teacher explained to me, “Simple punctuation is all they’ll ever use.” Regarding punctuation, either a teacher or a ditto stated the rules for where, for example, to put commas. The investigator heard no classroom discussion of the audible context of punctuation (which, of course, is what gives each mark its meaning). (Anyon 4)
4) The blind student used his aural senses to study for the exam.
After the party, the woman’s aural senses were damaged due to the loud music.
5) The word aural helps to understand the text in a better way by bringing the quote together.

This picture helps visualize the conditions in a working class school. It clearly demonstrates a lackluster learning environment. In addition, it shows overcrowding in a classroom without a teacher in sight.
In the middle-class school, work is getting the right answer. If one accumulates enough right answers, one gets a good grade. One must follow the directions in order to get the right answers, but the directions often call for some figuring, some choice, some decision making. For example, the children must often figure out by themselves what the directions ask them to do and how to get the answer: what do you do first, second, and perhaps third? (Anyon 5)
“Accumulate”

1) This word is a verb (a word that tells us what the noun is doing).
2) gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.
3) In the middle-class school, work is getting the right answer. If one gathers enough right answers, one gets a good grade. One must follow the directions in order to get the right answers, but the directions often call for some figuring, some choice, some decision making. For example, the children must often figure out by themselves what the directions ask them to do and how to get the answer: what do you do first, second, and perhaps third?
4) The parents accumulated enough money to send their children to college.
The student accumulated the required amount of credit to graduate.
5) The word accumulate helps to understand the quote by talking about the problem solving method the children in middle class schools use.

A key term in this quote is “some decision making”. This is a key difference between the working class schools and the middle class schools. This difference shows how much better the middle class schools are compared to the working class schools.

Reading backwards, the article talks about the differences between a working class and a middle class school. Reading forwards,the article talks about the aspects of the middle class school. Also, it talks about how much better and advanced the middle class school is compared to the working class school.

Work tasks do not usually request creativity. Serious attention is rarely given in school work on how the children develop or express their own feelings and ideas, either linguistically or in graphic form. On the occasions when creativity or self-expression is requested, it is peripheral to the main activity or it is “enriched” or “for fun.” During a lesson on what similes are, for example, the teacher explains what they are, puts several on the board, gives some other examples herself, and then asks the children if they can “make some up.”(Anyon 6)
A key term in this quote is “how the children develop or express their own feelings and ideas”. This shows that personality development is a huge part of middle class schools. Also, creativity is not encouraged as much in these schools.

Reading backwards, the article talks about how Language arts are taught in the schools. Reading ahead, the article talks about creativity and control in the students. It also briefly talks about the excitement within the students.

“Linguistically”

1) This word is an adverb (a word that describes a verb).
2) In a way that relates to language or linguistics.
3) Work tasks do not usually request creativity. Serious attention is rarely given in school work on how the children develop or express their own feelings and ideas, either language or in graphic form. On the occasions when creativity or self-expression is requested, it is peripheral to the main activity or it is “enriched” or “for fun.” During a lesson on what similes are, for example, the teacher explains what they are, puts several on the board, gives some other examples herself, and then asks the children if they can “make some up.”
4) The school was a very diverse place consisting of a variety of linguistics.
Linguistics are what make people different.
5) The word Linguistically helps me better understand the text as it talks about the way the students learn in a clear and straightforward fashion.
In the affluent professional school, work is creative activity carried out independently. The students are continually asked to express and apply ideas and concepts. Work involves individual thought and expressiveness, expansion and illustration of ideas, and choice of appropriate method and material. (The class is not considered an open classroom, and the principal explained that because of the large number of discipline problems in the fifth grade this year they did not departmentalize.
Independently is an important term in this quotation. It talks about how work is carried out in the affluent professional schools. This gives insight to completely new education system, different than the one mentioned before.

Reading backwards talks about how much excitement the students of the middle class schools have. Reading forward talks about the aspects of the affluent professional school. In addition, it also talks about how the students behave in these schools.

“Affluent”

1)This word is an adjective (a word describing a noun)
2) (especially of a group or area) having a great deal of money; wealthy.
3) In the wealthy professional school, work is creative activity carried out independently. The students are continually asked to express and apply ideas and concepts. Work involves individual thought and expressiveness, expansion and illustration of ideas, and choice of appropriate method and material. (The class is not considered an open classroom, and the principal explained that because of the large number of discipline problems in the fifth grade this year they did not departmentalize.
4) The affluent man bought his son a car for his birthday.
The affluent man told everyone about his wealth.
5) The word affluent is useful as it helps understand the type of school.
In the executive elite school, work is developing one’s analytical intellectual powers. Children are continually asked to reason through a problem, to produce intellectual products that are both logically sound and of top academic quality. A primary goal of thought is to conceptualize rules by which elements may fit together in systems and then to apply these rules in solving a problem. Schoolwork helps one to achieve, to excel, to prepare for life.
An important word in this quotation is intellectual. In this school, intellect is the main focus. Other things such as creativity and sports are secondary.

Reading backwards, talks about the excitement that the students of the affluent professional school have. Reading ahead talks about the aspects of the executive elite school. Also, it talks about the focus of these children.

“Analytical”

1) This word is an adjective (a word that describes a noun)
2) relating to or using analysis or logical reasoning.
3) In the executive elite school, work is developing one’s logical intellectual powers. Children are continually asked to reason through a problem, to produce intellectual products that are both logically sound and of top academic quality. A primary goal of thought is to conceptualize rules by which elements may fit together in systems and then to apply these rules in solving a problem. Schoolwork helps one to achieve, to excel, to prepare for life.
4) The man used the analytical side of his brain more frequently.
Highly developed analytical skills had to be used in order to solve the problem.
5) The word analytical is useful because it helps me better understand the quote by talking about the way the students at the school were taught.

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