Mr. Brandon Galm
1 December 2018
Embryonic Stem Cells
What if I told you that researchers could cure diseases like Alzheimers or Parkinsons. The chances of you being on board with ending these horrible diseases that millions of people suffer from each year is extremely high. The cures of these diseases are the potential result of embryonic stem cell research. Stem cells are cells that have the potential to form into many different cells in the human body. Embryonic stem cells are a type of stem cell that are isolated from embryos during a stage of development known as blastocyst stage. These stem cells can reproduce and regenerate themselves to form into new cells all over the body. Researching these cells requires the destruction of an embryo, making the practice moral, scientific, and political. The advancement of medicine continues to grow more and more each day by creating new procedures or cures for different diseases. There is a great debate on the issue of stem cells that have people torn between if it is ethical or not. Various arguments surround the debate of how the stem cells are being obtained and the source of the cell. Through the different arguments, Embryonic stem cell research is ethical through moral, political, and scientific values under certain circumstances.
Throughout different research methods to help elaborate the variety of issues pertained to stem cells. Different arguments are created over the use of Embryonic stem cells on whether or not you should be allowed to destroy an existing embryo. Some people believe that the destruction of an embryo is unethical based on a belief that an embryo is a form of life that needs to be respected. On the other side, people argue that stem cell research on embryos, even though there is a loss, can help advance medicine to help save thousands of people lives that are suffering from horrible diseases. There are many different factors that help play into the argument of Embryonic stem cells. One of the arguments is based on where the source of stem cells are coming from. Stem cells can be found in different areas of the body including tissues in the stomach and even in the brain. Another argument is how the stem cells are being obtained from the body. Obtaining Embryonic stem cells requires the destruction of an embryo which then ties right back to the argument of an embryo being a life form in which it must be respected.
People believe that the embryo has a moral status in which it should not be destroyed solely for research purposes. “The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research” by Katrien Devolder is a book that states the different arguments within the Embryonic stem cell research topic. Devolder shows the sides of the full mortal status by explaining their thoughts in which “Defenders of the full moral status believe that the embryo acquires a full moral status, or personhood, from the moment of fertilization or an equivalent event such as the completion of SCNT, where a somatic cell is fused with an enucleated oocyte. (Devolder 15) According to Devolder, “One of the most ardent defenders of the full mortal status view is the Roman Catholic Church” (15). The Roman Catholic Church is a strong supporter of this view by showing that it opposes stem cell research on the form of abortion. Today researches still do not have a full understanding of Embryonic stem cells. The cells can divide uncontrollably forming tumors and growths composed of unwanted tissue on the body. (MORE TO ADD)
Embryonic stem cells can open a whole new world in medicine to help cure and prevent diseases that harm thousands per year. These cells can be used anywhere in the body which has the chance to cure hundreds of diseases. The studying of the Embryonic stem cells can help progress the cure to cancer because cancer cells and Embryonic have very similar characteristics.
The main reason of why stem cell research has only gone so far is because of government restrictions that were installed to help stop the killing of embryos.
The various arguments over Embryonic stem cell research is multifaceted through moral, political, and scientific issues around the research. Embryonic stem cells hold great potential and value to medical researchers in a search to cure diseases, understanding early human development, and advancing regenerative medicine in the future. Through the moral values of this research, if it can help save thousands if not millions of lifes are we not morally obligated to pursue it to help the thousands of people suffering with different medical conditions. The scientists that are in support of this cell research are restricted through federal funding and availability to obtain the embryonic stem cells. The restrictions set by the United States are deteriorating the country’s leading standpoint of biomedical research. If the United States wants to stay as the leader in biomedical research, action needs to be taking to help further the development of embryonic stem cells to cure diseases and other medical conditions. No matter what happens with the arguments of Embryonic stem cells, medicine will continue to spread to new wonders in which people never thought it could reach. Every day medicine will grow through different techniques, procedures, and cures that are created. These new cures and procedures will be able to help thousands if not millions of people who suffer from different medical conditions. Even though the destruction of life is unethical, the status of an embryo in the blastocyst stage is unclear and can not be compared to an adult human’s status. There are sources of ethical embryonic stem cells in which there are fertilized eggs donated to labs to help reduce the suffering of embryos. The ethical procedure to obtain embryonic stem cells proves that embryonic stem cell research is ethical under certain conditions. Cells that are obtained by not harming an embryo are ethical in which they are used for research to help the development to cure diseases. (ENDING SENTENCE)
Devolder, Katrien. The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research. First ed. 2015. Issues in Biomedical Ethics. Print.